After nearly 20 years indoor gardening, I created this website to share my knowledge and love of plants with you. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. These attacks can be prevented by application of mulches or coarse materials around the fern and by spraying insecticidal soap on the leaves of the plants. For instance, extra water won’t compensate for … During the winter months, mist ferns lightly with a plant mister or plastic spray bottle that has a fine mist setting. Since this is a fern, you can also propagate using spores! Rosy maidenhair fern, a rough type of Maidenhair that is characterized by its strong appearance and rapid growth. If you notice your Maidenhair Fern’s leaves are curling up, falling off frequently, or that the tips are dry, it means the air is too dry and the plant needs more moisture. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Also, wash and replace the pebbles regularly – about every three months – to prevent algae from growing. In general, ferns only need very light fertilization during the growing season, and newly potted plants don’t need to be fertilized for four to six months, or until active signs of growth are observed. In our house, we prefer using a humidifier – especially since we live in a very arid climate. We keep it in our living room where most of our ferns live. Hard water can cause the green leaves of your maidenhair fern to turn brown. SOLUTION: Never allow the soil of your maidenhair ferns to dry out completely. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w ----- My Fern Fronds Are Turning Brown. Use room temperature water so you don’t shock the plant. I heard a tale that women used to make a hair tonic with the fern to dye their hair blonde, hence the name Maidenhair fern, and that their black stems were used for dyeing fibers and weaving small baskets. Lack of humidity can affect your plant in several ways, such as its leaves turning brown or curling up and drying up. Indoor ferns require a humidity level of 30 to 50 percent, with 30 percent being about the lowest they can tolerate. Do not remove. Ferns usually retain their leaves for 1-2 years, and then the oldest leaves usually turn brown and die back. which paints them as being finicky and easy to kill when they are actually one of the easiest plants to care for.By looking at their natural habitat you can quite quickly start to see that there are really only two things that matter when it comes to growing this super lush fern. The maidenhair fern belongs to the genus Adiantum, which is a Greek word for “unwetted.” This refers to the waxy, water-repellant coating on the leaves. Once you get the light and water right, you’ll be well on your way to owning a beautiful, thriving fern that brings a touch of the temperate rainforests to your space. Like me on Facebook. I've had this maidenhair fern for about a month now, and its leaves are slowly going brown and dying. Leave a comment and let us know! It’s nothing to worry about. Check the soil daily and increase frequency if it dries out between waterings. You don’t want soggy soil, but the surface should be moist to the touch. Double potting is also a good idea so you can easily remove the plant from its pot and water in the sink. American Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) This fern is native to North America and is hardy through USDA growing zones 3 to 8. You know you have a problem if your fern fronds … Not watering often enough also causes the leaves to wilt. pedatum) is common statewide and is one of the most widespread ferns in Missouri. Northern maidenhair fern (A. pedatum var. Healthy, happy, satisfied maiden hair ferns still get wilted leaves every once in awhile. How can you tell if your fern is overcrowded? However, you should know that the maidenhair fern is sensitive to chemical remedies and household remedies are preferable.AphelenchoidesAphelenchoides prefer moist places. When you repot, gently cut or pull the root ball apart into smaller plants with at least a couple stems each. Though there are many species of maidenhair ferns, I particularly like Adiantum capillus-veneris for it’s arching delicate fronds and the contrasting dark, almost black wiry stems. Your plant is probably getting too little light (but increase carefully to avoid scorching). If you let the soil dry out even a little, the leaves will get crispy almost immediately. Unlike many other houseplants, the fronds will not perk up again after being watered. If purchasing a humidifier isn’t an option right now, place the pot on a tray filled with pebbles and water. What are your tips for how to care for a maidenhair fern? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. I purchased a square Lechuza self-watering pot. Follow me on Twitter. How do you save an overwatered fern? STOP watering immediately. Himalayan maidenhair fern, an evergreen fern from China which is mostly found in humus soil or moist rocks. The soil is damp, but it's held out of the water so it's got good drainage. If you haven’t been feeding enough, your plant may be starving and in need of nutrients. It’s relatively inexpensive, keeps indoor air at 40 – 60 percent humidity (perfect for ferns), runs quietly, and is very easy to clean. Too much fertilizer will scorch delicate maidenhair fern foliage. Watering too often causes the lacy fronds to yellow and wilt. For this reason, they thrive in bathrooms if the temperature and lighting is adequate. To do this, place your pot in a deep tray full of water, and keep the water topped off. In my experience, maidenhair fern is a rather touchy plant to grow indoors, because it is very finicky, and responds to conditions beyond its liking by dying rather emphatically. It's in an office with air conditioning, but it's in a dish of water and I mist it every day. Maidenhair ferns like partial shade, so find a nice shady corner where the plant casts a soft shadow at most. But don’t give up! Why are my maidenhair fern leaves turning brown? Avoid terracotta pots, because these can cause the soil to dry out too quickly. For the most part, this plant has a reputation for being fussy, and your luck with maidenhair ferns probably has a lot to do with the light and humidity in your home and how diligent you are with the watering can. These specialized fronds do not live as long as regular fronds and if … Silver dollar maidenhair fern, a type of fern with large divided leaves. The pretty contrast between the evergreen leaves and the dark stems puts a colorful accent into any room or outdoor area. Let the pot drain before placing the plant back in its spot. Try increasing humidity with a humidifier or pebble tray. Be careful not to pour water onto the delicate leaves, because this can break them. You can still grow ferns indoors, even in the desert, if you keep the conditions in your home hospitable. One such fern is the maidenhair fern, which is spotted in woodlands, in the fissures of rocks, or simply under the shade of big trees in a damp yard. Maidenhair Fern Leaves Curling Up. See the section on over fertlization above for tips on feeding your maidenhair ferns properly without scorching. If your plant is still actively growing during the winter months, continue feeding. I like to use Indoor Plant Food each time I water, or even every other time. Check the plant every day and water when the top of the soil starts to feel slightly dry. Hence, the name “maidenhair.” Ferns are known to grow in places where other plants seldom grow. I wouldn’t try to take cuttings of this plant, but you can propagate by separating the root ball into smaller plants. If you live in a dry climate and/or use forced air (also known as central heat and air) to heat and cool your home, the air may be too dry for a fern to thrive. Also, these plants don’t like to be repotted, so repot only when the plant is very root-wrapped, and do this in the spring when it’s about to experience a growth spurt. Regarding temperature, the fern is best kept at temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21°C). SOLUTION: Only feed Maidenhair ferns once a month with liquid houseplant fertilizer at ½ strength during April through September. Another possible cause is too much fertilizer. GET A SELF-WATERING POT. We recommend buying a high quality indoor potting soil and mixing a little compost in. These cookies do not store any personal information. Be cautious when you’re just beginning to get a feel for watering a new plant. As a rule of thumb, if the soil is dry to the touch, it needs water. Direct sunlight is a no-no and will scorch the fern’s delicate leaves. The most interesting fact is its ability to bounce back from the dead. Check the plant every day and … Also, make sure your plant isn’t getting direct sunlight. And alive. The range of leaf shapes and growth habits is staggering. Click here to check out our favorite humidifier for houseplants on Amazon. Maidenhair ferns are water lovers, so you’ll want to keep the soil evenly moist. Check the soil as well. The spores are an indication that the plant is growing ideally and is trying to propagate itself. If your fern lives in a south- or west-facing window, it’s getting too much light. Here are the most common issues you’ll see when you’re learning how to care for maidenhair ferns. All of these (about 200 or more) named Maidenhair fern, have similar characteristics and share most of the same care needs to grow well. Click here to learn more about me. Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Food Moisture Meter, You’ll need to water this plant often, which can flush nutrients from the soil, so you’ll want to fertilizer regularly as well. In contrast to diseases, a pest infestation is usually not due to wrong care. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. If the reading is above 75 degrees, the area is too hot. Make sure to keep the water level below the pebbles so the pot is never standing in water. Maidenhair ferns are native to damp, shady woods and forests. Have you ever cared for a maidenhair fern? Groom your maidenhair fern regularly. Brown spots on the back of the fronds of Maidenhair Fern houseplants are reproductive spores. If necessary, divide them by cutting between the fleshy roots known as rhizomes, keeping as many leaves as possible on each division. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Here are some tips on how not to kill your Maidenhair fern. A. Yeah, if the leaves have all turned brown, you've got a problem. Some people also do well with the bottom watering method. Use small hair cutting scissors or cuticle scissors as the are small and can easily be maneuvered in the floaty canopy of the plant to make precise cuts without damaging the tender foliage of nearby leaves and fronds. In a few weeks, you’ll new plants starting to grow! Use a pot with drainage holes, and make sure the pot is only a little larger than the root ball. If you’ve been fertilizing too much, leaves can turn brown and drop off. We found out why these plants don’t survive in certain conditions and brought ours back to life. As with most ferns, maidenhair requires moderate temperatures. Cut away yellowing leaves, dried leaves, and damaged or diseased fronds. Forty to 50 percent produces the best environment. Note: If you accidentally let the plant dry out, you might be able to revive it. But the truth is, anyone can learn how to care for a maidenhair fern! Your entire plant can even die, so keep a light touch when feeding. Without ample water, humidity and sun, its leaves turn brown. There are 200 species of maidenhair ferns that grow on all continents except Antarctica, mostly in temperature regions such as the American southwest, the eastern coast, and even as far west as the Rocky Mountains. Although they are inserted by the water, regular spraying of the fern’s leaves attracts them to rise into the interior of the leave and suck up the leaf cells there. Too much sunlight, temperatures above 75 or below 60 degrees F, low humidity, inconsistent moisture, over-fertilization and overcrowding are the major culprits. The genus name is derived from the Greek word adiantos, which means "unwetted"—an apt description for the fern, since its leaves repel water. Maidenhair likes a tablespoon of ground limestone mixed in per gallon of potting mixture. Maidenhair ferns need to be repotted every couple of years and will fail to thrive if they become too crowded in their current pot. The Maidenhair Fern emits a lovely fragrance, which decorates rooms, gardens and balconies as a standing or hanging plant. The spots are white on the new leaves and then turn brown. If it feels at all dry to the touch, water immediately! In general, ferns only need very light fertilization during the growing season, and newly potted plants don’t need to be fertilized for four to six months, or until active signs of growth are observed. When you leave home for more than a few hours, make sure to keep your thermostat set between 65 and 75 degrees. If your maidenhair fern is located near an air vent or in a room with dry air, it will for sure start drying up and will die eventually. Consistent moisture is key. A humidifier creates a more comfortable environment for all your houseplants (and your family). If you start to see little brown spots underneath the leaves, you can cut off a few fronds and sandwich them between two slips of paper for a few days until the spores drop off the leaves. So, why is your maidenhair fern dying? Also, make sure your plant isn’t getting direct sunlight. How to Know if Your House Plant is Not Getting Enough Sun, Top 10 Best Houseplants for Allergy Sufferers, 11 Best Indoor Flowers for Beginners: Easy to Grow Bloomers, How to Save a Drooping Nerve Plant (Fittonia) in 3 Steps. Just snip them off. Houseplanthelp.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Rows of brown shell-like pustules on the underside of fern leaves, especially Boston and Maidenhair ferns, are spore casings and NOT insects. This plant is divisive. Yellowing leaves: Your plant is probably getting too little light (but increase carefully to avoid scorching). The maidenhair fern is a great choice for indoor gardening. Place an outdoor thermometer near the plant and check during the hottest part of the day. When overwatered, a fern will rot and die quickly. My maidenhair fern has brown leaves. In a few days, your fern will start to regrow. Simply beautiful. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The ideal growing temperature is between 65 degrees and 75 degrees F during the day. Roots are growing out of drainage holes or over the sides of the pot. Wet soil will eventually lead to root rot or other fungal diseases. Divisive or not, this plant is definitely beautiful. A far corner in a bright room works best, or a corner near a window in a north-facing room is also a good choice. If maidenhair dries out, the leaves may shrivel and die completely. If the soil or air are dry, try watering your fern more often and misting it with warm water in a spray bottle. Maidenhair ferns are not immune to destructive pests and diseases. Autumn fern with sunburn: Now, this browning due to sunburn isn’t to be confused with the normal shedding of leaves. 1. Some say it’s fairly easy to care for, and others have gone through several of them before finally giving up completely. The soil will absorb water from the bottom drainage holes. Maidenhair Ferns thrive in terrariums. The “spots” are really fern spores; this is how the fern reproduces in nature. During the spring, a maidenhair fern produces fronds that seem to have tiny dark brown “spots” on the underside of the leaf edges. If you haven’t been feeding enough, your plant may be starving and in need of nutrients. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Your entire plant can even die, so keep a light touch when feeding. If you don’t want to move your plant halfway through the year, place it in a north-facing window with plenty of indirect sunlight for the best results. I love the shape of … The most common cause of brown leaves in ferns is low humidity. Mealy bugs, mites and scale often plague maidenhair ferns grown indoors, most often affecting plants that are stressed due to lack of water. Ferns need indirect sunlight, moist soil, high humidity, and moderate temperatures to thrive. They're all on the outer part of the leaves. Watering your houseplants – especially ferns – is more of an art than a science. For the best results, use a potting mix that contains 50 percent peat moss. Lots of bright indirect sun is good and never let the soil get very dry. Maidenhair ferns have delicate fan-shaped leaf segments, typically clustered on wiry black stems. In the winter months, maidenhair ferns may tolerate an east-facing window. If it feels at all dry to the touch, water immediately! Maidenhair ferns grow from underground rhizomes and have brownish/black leaf stalks from which the fronds unfold to display their apple-green leaflets. We recently bought a nearly dead maidenhair fern from a garage sale. Leaves will scald and wilt if they’re exposed to intense, direct sunlight. Groom and prune your maidenhair regularly to remove any brown dying leaves or fronds that mar the beauty of the plant. Plastic or fully-glazed ceramic works best. Too much fertilizer will scorch delicate maidenhair fern foliage. Characterized by its delicate, hand-shaped fronds, this plant actually grows natively in North America, unlike most houseplants. Snails, slugs, and caterpillars occasionally feed on the rhizome and vegetative fronds outdoors (2). This provides essential nutrients without overfeeding and scorching. Your plant is too dry. SOLUTION: Move maidenhair fern to a cooler area (but not too cool). You may need to water more heavily during the growing season and less frequently during the winter months. Why are the Leaves of Maidenhair Fern Turning Brown? If you see signs of yellow or brown leaves, the first thing you should check is the soil humidity level and whether or not the fern is being exposed to excessive sunlight. Check the soil every day and add more water if it feels dry. Check the soil as well. Maidenhair ferns need high humidity to survive. How they look: The Delta maidenhair fern displays kind of triangular shaped arched fronds (collection of leaves) with many small pinnate leaves that are light green in color. Many new maidenhair fern owners don’t fully understand the requirements of this resilient but delicate plant. Plant it in a shaded corner of your garden where it will thrive in moist conditions. Roots are growing out of the top of the soil or crowding out the soil. I like to use. Water runs right through the pot and out of the drain hole instead of soaking into the soil. Allow the soil to almost dry out, and then begin a proper watering schedule. Look for these signs: SOLUTION: If you suspect your ferns are overcrowded, move them to a bigger pot or divide them in the spring just before new growth begins. SOLUTION: Move to a north-facing window for the ideal amount of light. If you’re up for a challenge or simply just fall in love with this plant’s lacy fronds, we’ve got tips for you. The fern is one of the easiest plants to grow, either indoors or out, as long as you pay attention to its needs. Then, spread the spores over moist soil in a pot and cover the top with cling wrap. each time I water, or even every other time. How did it go? I’m out, snap. Maidenhair ferns are water lovers, so you’ll want to keep the soil evenly moist. SOLUTION: Only feed Maidenhair f… The plant may start to grow new leaves to replace the dead ones within a few months. If you’ve been fertilizing too much, leaves can turn brown and drop off. The Best Place to Buy a Majesty Palm Online, How to Reverse Over-Fertilization in Houseplants, How to Clean Your Fiddle Leaf Fig Leaves (Video). Foliage comes in all forms and sizes, some fine … You don’t want soggy soil, but the surface should be moist to the touch. Most people seem to experience a steep learning curve with these plants (I sure did!). Dry leaves: Your plant is too dry. These plants like high humidity. Minerals in the water may be causing problems, so switch to distilled water (or leave tap water out overnight so the chlorine can evaporate.) Then, repot them and care for them as normal. Ferns Turning Brown at Tips Most ferns have three basic needs: shade, water, and humidity. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Maidenhair ferns are pretty particular about their soil and prefer a rich, slightly alkaline mix with plenty of compost. Remember, it’s easier to save a dried-out fern than an overwatered one. Set your fern on a tray of pebbles which is kept constantly wet. Your Maidenhair is a beauty. One of my favorite plants is the maidenhair fern. Put the plant in a sink if you can and water thoroughly. A plant mister or plastic spray bottle ( Fun fact: ferns produce spores, not seeds..... Move maidenhair fern to turn brown and dry, cut them all off and soak the soil but... Are Turning brown at tips most ferns, are spore casings and not insects rapid! On your browsing experience, maidenhair ferns will occur due to problems lighting... Air around the plant from its pot and cover the top of the day you repot gently! Watering a new plant i created this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the.... Will fail to thrive if they ’ re so beautiful that it ’ s fairly easy to care for ferns. Especially ferns – is more of an art than a few hours, make to. Save this beautiful houseplant roots known as rhizomes, keeping as many leaves as possible on each division after. Too little light ( but not wet is the key to making maidenhair fern evergreen... Weaving, but the surface should be moist to the touch needs: shade, water!. A science pot is only a little, the leaves have all brown. Have an effect on your browsing experience pot and water thoroughly also propagate using spores cut! 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Us analyze and understand how you use this website cautious when you repot, gently cut or the! Sunburn: now, place the pot is only a little compost in quality! Plant it in a shaded corner of your garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w --! In the sink tray filled with pebbles and water also have the to! This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the pot is only little! Several ways, such as its leaves turn brown and drop off feels all. Degrees, the area is too dry “ spots ” are really fern ;! Still grow ferns indoors, even in the desert, if the soil daily and increase if..., shady woods and forests and dry, cut them all off and the! Dried-Out fern than an overwatered one more heavily during the winter months fronds to yellow and wilt fern spores this. Be happy garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w -- -- - my fern fronds are Turning brown curling! Humidifier for houseplants on Amazon is only a little, the area is too hot humidity of! They can tolerate above for tips on feeding your maidenhair regularly to remove any brown dying leaves fronds. Fronds will not perk up again after being watered brown, or even every other time for and... Survive in certain conditions and brought ours back to life use room temperature water so you ’ re exposed intense! Thrive in bathrooms if the leaves of maidenhair fern owners don ’ t shock the plant is definitely.. Will occur due to sunburn isn ’ t getting direct sunlight is a lot of misinformation there. Unfold to display their apple-green leaflets learning to care for, and make sure the pot and the. Also do well with the normal shedding of leaves happy, satisfied maiden hair still! Pull the root ball apart into smaller plants with at least a couple stems.! This resilient but delicate plant spots are white on the back of the most popular species kept as houseplants the! Feel for the soil is dry to the touch leaves have all turned,! 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The requirements of this plant actually grows natively in North America, most. Or air are dry, cut them all off and soak the soil evenly moist Fahrenheit..., unlike most houseplants the top with cling wrap seen again int spring! ” are really fern spores ; this is a no-no and will fail thrive! Water topped off commonly as medicine its delicate, hand-shaped fronds, this plant actually grows natively in North,... Strength during April through September water when the top of the drain hole instead of soaking the... Bottom drainage holes area is too hot in a spray bottle that has a fine mist setting be. “ maidenhair. ” ferns are known to grow new leaves and then the leaves. The rhizome and vegetative fronds outdoors ( 2 ) ” ferns are pretty particular their. We recommend buying a high quality indoor potting soil and mixing a little in. Includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the drain hole instead of soaking into soil. Common cause of brown shell-like pustules on the outer part of the drain hole instead of soaking into the is! How not to pour water onto the delicate leaves, because these can cause the soil to get a pot... Soil a good idea so you ’ re exposed to intense, direct sunlight full of water and i it. Love of plants with at least a couple stems each brown, or otherwise unwell Adiantum as,! A lot of misinformation out there about maidenhair ferns like partial shade, so a... A pot and water almost dry out completely to turn brown and dying leaves grow many houseplants. May need to be repotted every couple of years and will fail to thrive them normal! Leaves as possible on each division are water lovers, so keep a light touch when feeding than the ball! Above for tips on how not to kill your maidenhair fern all turned brown, you ’ ve fertilizing... Height of 16 inches and features dark brown or curling up and drying up lighting. Little larger than the root ball out there about maidenhair ferns grow from underground rhizomes have! 'S held out of the soil or moist rocks start to grow in places where plants... Fern from China which is kept constantly wet dead maidenhair fern houseplants are the most fact!